Amanitore – Reigned c.1 BCE – c.12 CE – Meroe, Kingdom of Kush

Kingdom of Kush

Amanitore

CW: Suicide

Following in the steps of Shanakdakhete, Amanirenas and Amanishakheto, Amanitore was a Nubian Kandake (queen) of the ancient Kushitic Kingdom of Meroë (Sudan and Ethiopia).

The Kingdom of Kush bore many resemblances to Egypt, including language, religion and pyramid building. It was an immensely wealthy state in Amanitore’s time, with successful trade routes throughout the classical world.

Kandake Amanitore is generally accepted as co-regent with Quore (king) Natakamani, who may have been either her husband or son. Kandake was a prominent position, as mothers could both create their sons as rulers or depose them. A Kandake could even order the king to commit suicide in order to end his own rule.

Evidence shows that Amanitore was a prolific builder, one of the last Kushite rulers to focus on construction. She restored the temples of Amun at Meroë and Napata following its destruction by the Romans and built two further temples at Naqa and Amara. As well as taking care of the spiritual health of her people, the queen also built reservoirs to retain water for her kingdom during drought.

Amanitore was buried in her own pyramid (rather than sharing with her husband or son) in Meroë.


References:

Dictionary of African Biography, Volumes 1-6 – Professor Henry Louis Gates, Jr., Professor Emmanuel Akyeampong, Mr. Steven J. Niven

Nubian Pharaohs and Meroitic Kings: The Kingdom of Kush – Necia Desiree Harkless

On Wikipedia:


Image credits:

Aegyptisches Museum Berlin InvNr7261 20080313 Barkenuntersatz Natakamani Amanitore aus Wad Ban Naga 1” by Sven-Steffen Arndt – Own work.

Licensed under CC BY-SA 2.0 via Commons

Amanitore” by The original uploader was Lassi at Hungarian Wikipedia – Transferred from hu.wikipedia to Commons by Istvánka using CommonsHelper.

Licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0 via Commons

Amanitore pyramid” by The original uploader was Lassi at Hungarian Wikipedia – Transferred from hu.wikipedia to Commons by Istvánka using CommonsHelper.

Licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0 via Commons

 

 

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